Amadeo Modigliani, born in Livorno, Italy, on July 12, 1884, attended the Art Academies of Florence and Venice moved to Paris in 1906. There he met Picasso, Kees van Dongen and later Juan Gris. Modigliani led a life marked by illness, poverty, alcohol and drugs. From 1915/16, Modigliani had found his style and painted portraits influenced by Cubism with elongated necks, staggered, blind eyes, pendulous noses, and bodies in extreme postures, using predominantly rusty colors.
Modigliani died on the 25th. January 1920, a day before his fiancée, from a meningitis.