Biographie of Edvard Munch (* December 12, 1863, † January 23, 1944, Oslo)
"The Scream" is considered the first expressionist painting and is one of the most famous works of this famous Norwegian artist.
Influenced by the early death of his mother and sister, Edvard Munch started illustrating deep feelings, such as loneliness, love and the fear of death. In his paintings, he idealized the human soul and developed his own symbolism. While in France and Germany, he met some intellectuals such as Friedrich Nietzsche, who he portrayed.
His first exhibition in Berlin was a scandal and was closed after just 7 days, which made him famous overnight. Munch experimented with painting and engraving. In Berlin, he started with etchings and lithographs and in Paris, he created his first woodcuts, as well as posters and illustrations.
After a few years, Edvard Munch finally returned to his beloved Norway in 1909. He painted the "Sun", "History" and "Alma Mater" as murals for the University of Oslo. He decided to lead a hermit life and retired to his farm in Ekely.
Through his paintings, Edvard Munch channeled his feelings and gave personal meaning to his life.