Romantic art appeared by the end of the 19th century, after the period of Lumières and Classicism. In Germany, Romanticism's iconic artist was Caspar David Friedrich; in England, it was Turner and Wallis. In France, Romantic artists were more interested in subjects like destiny and passion, rather than nature.
Romanticism is characterized by the will of exploring all art possibilities in order to express ecstasy and the torments of the heart and soul. This artistic movement ended around 1840 with the advent of Impressionism.